This day is celebrated since the establishment of the republic in Portugal in 1910, to mark the death of the poet Luis Vaz de Camões in 1580.
It is also the Day of the Holy Guardian Angel of Portugal? The devotion to this saint has existed since the creation of our country, which in 1504 was created an annual celebration to this devotion, that was lost in time and in 1952 was included in Portuguese liturgical calendar to celebrate the Day of Portugal.

Even during the dictatorship of Estado Novo from 1933 until the Revolution of April 25, in 1974, this celebration was held and the day called the day of Camoes, Portugal and Race.
This day began to be particularly exalted during the Estado Novo regime, becoming celebrated nationally.
The regime wanted, with the celebration of the “Day of Race”, to underline the originality of the Portuguese people in relation to other Europeans, because this people was one of the oldest, that had a history of centuries and a colonial empire that no other had.
It was this “portuguese race” that the Estado Novo intended to glorify.
This historic exaltation functioned as a kind of support to the system, being used as a propaganda tool.
An example of such official ceremonies of propaganda, was the inauguration of the National Stadium (Stadium of Jamor) that was precisely the June 10, 1944.
After April 25, 1974, this day became known as the “Day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities”

 

camoes

Túmulo de Luís Vaz de Camões – Mosteiro dos Jerónimos (Lisboa)